Blood Volume Substitution
Patients InfoThe human body contains 50-60% water mainly in tissues and cells (e.g. a 70 kg adult carries 35-40 l water). Water is one of the components of blood. The blood volume of an adult amounts to 1/12 of the total body weight (e.g. 70 kg adult: 5-6 litres blood).
Major losses of blood volume and body fluid (due to surgery or an accident with burns or traumatic injuries) must be corrected immediately by giving infusions such as blood volume substitutes (hydroxyethyl starch) combined with basic solutions to guarantee survival and optimal recovery.
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